National cultural monuments – e.g. castles and chateaux, manor houses, churches and other sacral buildings, historical towns houses, traditional folk buildings or industrial or technical monuments – and historic areas represent the most important part of cultural heritage of Slovakia. Each of the monuments is listed in the Central Register of Monuments and Historic Sites, which is maintained by the Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic.
Historic sites are historic reserves (list, map), where cultural monuments and monument values are more concentrated and historic zones (list, map), where cultural monuments and monument values are relativelly less concentrated.
Slovak cultural monuments and sites, listed in the World Heritage List of UNESCO, as well as monuments of European heritage, represent an extraordinary category of cultural heritage.
Archaeological heritage, mainly archaeological sites and archaeological finds, constitute a specific part of cultural heritage.
Movable parts of cultural heritage are preserved and presented in the collection of museums or galleries (then we can speak about „collection objects“), libraries or archives. The most important movable objects can be declared as movable national cultural monuments.
Intangible cultural expressions, like folk songs, dances, traditions or other expressions, represent an important part of cultural heritage of Slovakia too.